Non-operative Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
Treatment begins with the emergency medical personnel who make an initial evaluation and immobilize the patient for transport. Immediate medical care within the first 8 hours following injury can be critical to the patient's recovery.
When injury occurs and for a period of time thereafter, the spinal cord responds by swelling. Treatment starts with steroid drugs such as methylprednisolone. These drugs reduce inflammation in the injured area and help to prevent further damage to cellular membranes that can cause nerve death. Sparing nerves from further damage and death is crucial.
Each patient's injury is unique. Some patients require surgery to stabilize the spine, correcting any misalignment and removing compression to the spinal cord caused by bone or disc that presses on the injured cord. Spinal stabilization can also be important to prevent further damage in the future.